David Walker black nationalist and original proposer of Pan Africanism in America.
In 1829 A.D., David Walker published "AN APPEAL TO THE COLORED CITIZENS OF THE WORLD", which urged all enslaved Africans to break the ties of slavery. The majority of the ideals of black nationalism were included in his work: universal concern for blacks internationally, development of industry and defense, revolution against their oppressors and establishment of a black nation. He stated the reason blacks were so oppressed was due to their disobedience to ALLAH MOST GLORIFIED AND EXALTED and the cruelty of the white race, and that this oppression was enforced by the slave system and white preachers "Christinizing" blacks. Walker stated: "Your full glory and happiness, as well as all other coloured people under Heaven, shall never be fully consumate, but with the entire emancipation of your enslaved brethren over the world." Thus, David Walker was the first to form Pan-Africanism. As a result of his publication, Southern Legislature passed laws to prevent the circulation of pamphlets like David Walker's "APPEAL". Many states made it a law punishable by death to introduce or circulate literature propogating the abolition of slavery. It was after this that Georgia made it illegal to teach slaves how to read or write and Virginia banned black ministers from preaching because some had read the "APPEAL" to their congregations. David Walker mysteriously died in 1930 A.D. after a reward of $1,000 for his death and $10,000 for him alive was offered.